In the present study, feasibility of laboratory detection of damaged seeds in precision planters caused by malfunction of seed metering device was investigated. An acoustic-based intelligent system was developed for detection of damaged pelleted tomato seeds. To improve the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models a total of 2000 seeds sound signals, 1000 samples for damaged seeds and 1000 for undamaged ones were recorded. When seed metering device drove out seeds, the ejected seeds were impacted to steel plate, and their acoustic signals were recorded from the impact. The bounced seeds lied on the running grease belt. In each stage of experiments, damaged seeds were determined manually in grease belt and related damaged seed sound signals were designated. Achieved acoustic signals, were processed and potential features were extracted from the analysis of sound signals in time and frequency domains. The method is based on feature generation by Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), feature selection by statistical methods and classification by Multilayer Feed forward Neural Network. Features such as amplitude, phase and power spectrum of sound signals were computed through a 1024-point FFT. By using statistical factors (maximum, minimum, median, mean and variance) for each vector of data, feature vector was reduced to 15 factors. In developing the ANN models, several ANN architectures, each having different numbers of neurons in hidden layer, were evaluated. The best model was chosen after a number of evaluations based on minimizing the mean square error (MSE), correct detection rate (CDR) and correlation coefficient (r). Selected ANN, 15-17-2 was configured for classification. CDR of the proposed ANN model for undamaged and damaged seeds was 99.49 and 100 respectively. MSE of the system was found to be 0.0109.
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(Author: Hadi karimi, Hossein Navid, Asghar Mahmoudi